The skill development ecosystem in India is complex, large and diverse, providing varied levels of skills across an extremely heterogeneous population. Skill development in India can be broadly segmented into Education and Vocational Training. The exhibit below presents the broad framework of Skill Development in India.

Source: World Bank

Elementary, secondary and higher education is governed by the Ministry of Education University and Higher Education caters to all college education (Arts, Science, Commerce, etc.), while engineering education, polytechnics, etc. fall under Technical Education. University Grants Commission (UGC) is the nodal body governing funds, grants and setting standards for teaching, examination and research in Universities, and the All-India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) is the regulatory body for Technical Education in India.

Training Activities

Skills in India are acquired through both formal and informal channels. Formal vocational training is imparted in both public and private sectors. Some of the major channels of formal vocation training include the government-run Industrial Training Institutes (ITIs), privately operated Industrial Training Centers (ITCs), vocational schools, specialized institutes for technical training, and apprenticeship training by the industry. The private sector participation has been on a rise lately, but the sector continues to be dominated by the public sector. Informal training on the other hand refers to experiential skills acquired on the job.

There are two types of training activities planned under Centre of Excellence, Details of activities are as follows:

1. Skill Development related to Agriculture, Animal Husbandry, Dairy, Fisheries and other associated activities

On job training plays a key role for proper practical understanding of the sector and to deal with the Risk associated with it.

The 30 districts of Uttar Pradesh are known as Purvanchal of Uttar Pradesh. These districts are mainly on the bank of River Ganga. Purvanchal area has a total population of around 8 crore and around 65% of total population mix is young. The major contributor of the population comes from rural village areas.

Young population is a big opportunity for the modern agriculture sector but due to the rural economy jobs are a big challenge. Most of the population has completed their study from Hindi medium so it is another challenge for the society. Due to poor academic background the quality skill of people is less. Most of the Young population are graduates but unable to write and speak English. Due to all the limitations and challenges there is no opportunity for a job in the local area. Major challenges of the Purvanchal are as follows:

  • Migration of Youth
  • Availability of land against the population is very less
  • Lack of knowledge about modern farming and Awareness
  • Maximum number of marginal farmers
  • Traditional Agriculture Pattern
  • Co-operative modules are not effective

Considering the above all issues and challenges, Youth Rural Entrepreneurship foundation has proposed to develop the Centre for Excellence for rural entrepreneurs. The project is designed to set up a center for excellence with major components of allied agriculture activities of fishery, dairy, poultry, goatry, green house, cold storage, warehouse, bio digester and support facilities. Once these facilities are ready to be operationalized, we will bring professionals in each field to train local people so that they can run the project all by themselves. Farmers would be occasionally taken around the project site so that they can be enthused to have similar facilities in their area.

Important Aspects of Program
  • Emphasis on skill development: The emphasis is to skill the youths in such a way so that they get employment and also improve entrepreneurship
  • Training for all occupations: Provides training, support and guidance for all occupations that were of traditional type like
    a. Modern Agriculture Technology (Poly House, RAS based Fish Plant, Goatry, Dairy, Green House etc.)
    b. Food Processing
  • International level training: The training programs would be on the lines of international level so that the youths of our country can not only meet the domestic demands but also of other countries like the US, Japan, China, Germany, Russia and those in West Asia.
  • Traditional Agriculture Pattern
  • Centre of Excellence for rural entrepreneur: Another remarkable feature of the this program would be to create a hallmark called “Rural Entrepreneurs‟,
  • Training as per requirement: Tailor-made, need-based programs would be initiated for specific age groups which can be like language and communication skills, life and positive thinking skills, personality development skills, management skills, behavioral skills, including job and employability skills.
2. Skill Development in New areas

Emphasis on new areas:

More emphasis will be given on new areas like transportation, textile, gem industry, jewelry designing, banking, tourism, Carpenter Shuttering, and various other sectors, where skill development is inadequate or nil