1. RAS Based Fish Farming

Recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) is a Modern technique of Fish Cultivation. A Recirculation/Flow-through system is an enclosed system for fish farming where the water replacement is only to the extent of loss to evaporation and cleaning. In the Recirculation System water is reused or partial, exchanged while a production system that uses water only once is referred exclusively as a Flow-through system.

Fish farming methods are used in Controlled atmosphere which enables quick growth of the Fish.

  • The farm is designed with a group of tanks so that every generation of fish is kept separated from each other, to prevent spreading of possible diseases. Each group of tanks with the same generation of fish has its own equipment for handling fish, which is not to be carried around in the farm.
  • The most important parameter to be controlled is the oxygen level in the tanks. To control the nitrification process in the bio filters, pH is to be measured regularly, including ammonia and CO2 levels.
  • All signals from feeders, oxygen sensors, water level switches, pumps etc. are hooked on to a signal cable going to a PLC located in a control room. The PLC has software for data registration and trend analysis.
  • The sludge from the water treatment is continuously transported in pipes to a central treatment room with micro screen filters. In this condition the sludge is easy to handle, to be used as nutrients on green lands, agriculture purposes or for biogas plants.
2. Desi Poultry Farming

Recirculating aquaculture systems (RAS) is a Modern technique of Fish Cultivation. A Recirculation/Flow-through system is an enclosed system for fish farming where the water replacement is only to the extent of loss to evaporation and cleaning. In the Recirculation System water is reused or partial, exchanged while a production system that uses water only once is referred exclusively as a Flow-through system.

If the birds are raised in an organic farm then the quality of the chicken and eggs are much better. This is because the birds are raised in a stress-free environment. In this method the poultry wastes like droppings, extra feeds etc. are directly applied as organic manure and increases crop yield.

Our Proposed Centre for Excellence (CFE) will train the local youth with modern techniques for unique growth in the sector.

Project Concept & Plan

  • Self-help groups and village youth may be assisted in participating in the desi poultry business.
  • The project would set up poultry grow out shelter (with fencing) and hatching machines for production of chicks. The clean shelter is pre-requisite to the breeding farm to reduce risks of loss of birds due to bad weather, predators and theft. Inside the shelter, partitions would be made to keep different types of birds. A section inside the shelter would be dedicated for laying eggs by hens. 12-15 egg laying boxes /baskets/shelves made of bricks with tin sheets placed over shelves will be useful. This will allow hens to come and lay eggs in specific areas so that eggs can be collected easily. This will also reduce spoilage and loss of eggs.
  • In another section of the shelter, perches would be made so that birds can take rest on this during night. Growers, cocks, and dry hens should be kept in this place.

The hatching will be done in a poultry egg incubator with automatic settler cum hatcher with tilting device, time and humidity control.

3. Goat Farming

Goats are among the main meat-producing animals in India, whose meat is one of the choicest meats and has huge domestic demand. Due to its good economic prospects, goat rearing under an intensive and semi-intensive system for commercial production has been gaining momentum for the past couple of years. High demand for goat and its products with potential of good economic returns have been driving many progressive farmers, businessmen, professionals, ex-servicemen and educated youths to take up the goat enterprise on a commercial scale.

Project Concept & Plan

It is proposed to start the farm with 150 (2month pregnant goats) and 6 male Sirohi goats (bucks). The 150 goats will deliver kids in 46-60 days. Under stall fed conditions, the ratio of twinning is generally 60%, 38% in singles and 2% in triplets. Some 89% goats are always kidding. The mortality is 3% in adults and 8% in kids.

In the goat breeding business, milk is never sold. It is needed for the goat kid for their growth. Therefore, the income comes from the sale of bucks. There are two types of buck: normal ones (with 25 kg in 8 months) and EID bucks with at least 50 kg in weight.

4. Dairy Farm & Milk Processing Unit

Commercial and small scale dairy farming in India is no doubt playing an important role in the total milk production and economy of our country. Most of the dairy farmers in India are raising animals in small scale traditional methods. They are not aware about the modern farming methods and improved techniques for dairy farming. As a result, some farmers are losing their investment instead of being benefited. Proper business plan, well management and care can ensure maximum production and profit from dairy farming business.

Our proposed CFE, will come up with high yield Cows along with integrated Milk processing facilities. Here the Dairy sector business has been categorized in 2 parts:

1. Dairy Farming
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2. Milk Processing Unit
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1. Dairy Farming

We propose to set up a modern dairy farm with 50 cows and 50 calf. Farm would include a standard cow shed, calf shed, lab for monitoring health parameters of the cows, automatic milking machines, chaff cutter and feed mix, clean drinking water.

To encourage the local breeds, we propose to bring Gir, Kankrej and Sahiwal breeds depending on the availability of pure-bred cows. The cows are hardy. They are native to Indian sub-continent. Gir cows have the following unique features:

  • Gir cattle are considered as one of the largest dairy breeds in India.
  • High milk production capacity. Also, the milk from the cows is considered to be of high quality due to presence of A-2 beta casein protein substance.
  • Can sustain in different environments and habitat conditions.
  • Low maintenance structure needed for farming Gir cows.
  • The Gir breed has a high fertility rate and can produce up to 10 calves (in its average life span of 15 years.
  • The cattle breed shows high resistance to diseases..
  • The value of milk in the market is high.
  • This cow is adaptable to mechanical milking techniques.
  • The value of milk in the market is high.
2. Milk Processing Unit

The milk produced in the CFE or in by the local Entrepreneurs will be collected and there will be processing facility for Pasteurized milk and other Milk & milk products likely:

  • Dahi
  • Paneer
  • Cheese
  • Khoya
  • Lassi etc.